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Hinduism is a compilation of many traditions and philosophies and is considered by many scholars to be the world’s oldest religion, dating back more than 4,000 years. Despite the fact that humans differ on almost everything, the belief in a higher power has been consistent in Religious fundamentalism is the belief that there is a set of religious teachings that shape the fundamental truth about humanity and God (or gods). Jun 20, 2016. Etc.. We use technologies, such as cookies, to customize content and advertising, to provide social media features and to analyse traffic to the site. According to a Pew survey, the percent of Americans having no religious affiliation reached 23 percent in 2014. In this article I’ll share 10 reasons why you must eventually abandon the baggage of organized religion if you wish to pursue conscious living in earnest. Simplistic as these purported explanations may be, though, they all offer helpful insights which can bring us a little closer to understanding what religion is all about. by Krysti Wilkinson July 25, 2017 Read Next The Even Deeper Reasons You Need to Slow Down “I don’t want to be super political or anything …” my friend assured the room, before going on. It seems that is why Bernie Sanders made headlines a few weeks ago. They are unlikely to be adequate even in very individual and specific circumstances and they are certainly inadequate when addressing religion generally. Makenna Martin. Living is hard and stressful. This conceptual strategy leads to “seeing” spirits and gods at work around us. Does it matter whether we can explain and understand religion, even if only a little bit? It’s also used as a source of comfort, i.e. What rules to follow? Asked by Wiki User 7 8 9 See Answer Top Answer Wiki User Answered 2009-01-05 20:50:36 Lack of love and … Recent research has demonstrated that our cognitive power—in the form of glucose, the brain’s fuel—is limited. The impossible task was included to test their persistence against great difficulty—another measure of self-control. Or are you wondering why some cultures adopt a 'religion' whereas other cultures adopt a 'philosophy'? Start at the bottom: This region boasts the only state in the world - Saudi Arabia - that the report flat-out describes as a place where "Freedom of Religion does not exist." Under this argument, any religion that does endure has to offer its adherents tangible benefits. The reason religion exists is to help people make sense of events which would otherwise be incomprehensible by relying on unseen, hidden forces. Then they primed half of these depleted volunteers, and half the controls, with religious words. Answer: It has often been said that more wars have been fought in the name of religion than anything else. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. When you look at the similarities between religions, they all have a core idea of something being there after death, and in Christianity especially, there is a punishment for doing the wrong thing and a reward for doing the right thing. Marx wrote: “The religious world is but the reflex of the real world.” Marx argued that religion is an illusion whose chief purpose is to provide reasons and excuses to keep society functioning just as it is. That’s why all religions espouse laws of life. We need to at least try to address religion and religious belief in order to get a better handle on who we are as human beings. Eliade only focuses on “timeless forms” of ideas which he says keep recurring in religions all over the world, but in doing so he ignores their specific historical contexts or dismisses them as irrelevant. Why Does Religion Exist? However, scientific, historical, philosophical, and cultural evidence can all be brought into play when Makenna Martin Jun 20, 2016 Florida Southern College 1051 Pixabay I believe that religion exists to help people deal with life. He didn’t reach any final answers, but did argue that religion should be regarded as a vital aspect of society, as its “construct of the heart.” Beyond that, it may not be possible to explain religion in general, just to explain and understand particular religions. This is why philosophy cannot answer the question “Does God exist?” with either an affirmative or a negative reply … “There is a God”, though it appears to be in the indicative mood, is an expression of faith. This is the perspective that religion gives people a sense of empowerment. Because if religion didn't exist, Christianity to be exact, there would be no objective morality, because objective morality comes from God! Why does religion exist? Religious beliefs reflect our unique cognitive ability to detect agency and intention in others and, by extension, in the natural world. March 9, 2011 vorjack Patheos Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on religion and spirituality! 1 0 Lv 4 Religion comes naturally; it is part of man to believe. › Lifestyle Why Does Religion Exist? The key to Mircea Eliade’s understanding of religion is two concepts: the sacred and the profane. These cookies do not store any personal information. Law kept changing with every king. So why does religion still exist at all today, much less remain vibrant and active in a scientifically astute society? This inadequately addresses the social aspect of religion, though, depicting religion and animism are purely intellectual moves. You can ask why about just anything. The right religion is simply this: to love our Creator and all the people He created. The reason religion exists is to help people make sense of events which would otherwise be incomprehensible by relying on unseen, hidden forces. We also share information about your use of our site with our analytics partners. So why does religion still exist at all today, much less remain vibrant and active in a scientifically astute society? The resulting report, “Scientists Negotiate Boundaries Between Religion and Science,” which was published in the September issue of the Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, comes as politicians have sparked conversations about the overlap between religion and science in the U.S. Texas Gov. They were told, further, that they could either return the next day and be paid $5, or come back in a week and get $6. thinking that someone is in a better place after death. Instead think tanks should make better rules and regulations to follow for bettermint same as business rules, traffic rules. In the first place, you must understand that what we call faith is really hope. Jesus said, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ It also explains why most religions call themselves way of life. But we use the word faith because it gives strength to the concept as … We need to A team of psychological scientists at Queen’s University, Ontario, is now offering a novel idea about the origin of religion, and what’s more they’re delivering some preliminary scientific evidence to support their reasoning. In other words, religion doesn’t make people feel happier, it makes them feel in control of their lives. Or religious priming may activate concerns of supernatural punishment. 1. Why does religion exist in the 21st century when there are now natural explanations to many things that our ancestors never understood? A more secular explanation is that religious priming makes people more concerned about their reputation in the community, leading to more careful self-monitoring. They performed basically the same as those who were never tired out in the first place. Religious beliefs are symbolic expressions of social realities without which religious beliefs have no meaning. It seems that religion exists as a belief system to help people explain events that would otherwise be unexplainable. Then all the volunteers attempted the Stroop task on a computer, which measured accuracy and reaction time. If you get your morals … Here are two reasons why Christians should not try to separate religion and politics (even though they should separate church and state), followed by two answers to two common objections. Florida Southern College. Evans-Pritchard sought a comprehensive explanation of religion that took both its intellectual and social aspects into account. Christianity, for example, was just one of many religious movements that … The report explains why: "Islam is the official religion, and We interpret ambiguous information as whatever matters most to survival, which means seeing living beings. Because people needed a way to explain thunder then others used it to control. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. ... it doesn’t necessarily mean that a god or gods actually exist – just that we seem programmed to think that they do. So people thought of common rules and laws. They tried to either appease "angry" forces or thank "beneficent" forces by fearing, praising, and worshiping them, as if they were invisible, super-sized, and super-powered humans. The religious sphere thus has a special status above and beyond regular life. While some doubt God, many humans throughout different times, cultures, and regions acknowledged the existence of a higher power. Nothing in this world was invented by man without a need. He argues that religion carries symbols which establish especially powerful moods or feelings, help explain human existence by giving it an ultimate meaning, and purport to connect us to a reality that is “more real” than what we see every day. They’re finding that religion may, in fact, be a byproduct of the way our brains work, growing from cognitive tendencies to seek order from chaos, to anthropomorphize our environment and to believe the world around us was created for our use. Caring for Loved Ones the Top Priority for People Worldwide. We’ve seen throughout history how religion has been used to control massive populations through this manipulation. Self-control is costly, consuming a lot of mental resources. But they are all just theories. It’s not entirely clear what cognitive mechanism is at work in religion’s influence on self-control. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. In another experiment, the scientists again primed some of the volunteers with hidden religious words, but in this case they were told (falsely) that the experiment was concluded and that they would be paid. science does the who/what/when/where, philosophy and religion are left with the why. The question of God’s existence is one that is often raised in gatherings, classrooms, television, and movies. In fact Kenneth Dick said in "Man, Father of the Gods" "All religions start as a mere imaginary explanation for something not understood, and that is … If you say "So we have a moral guidelines to follow", you might as well not comment at all. Religions tell you how to think, what to think, when to think, and what to think about. For instance, people wore cross. The real question is whether Jehovah, Zeus, Ra, Krishna, or any gods of any religion exist, and if so, which gods? I think that religion was created by people and for people. A by-product of psychological distress, Freud argued that it should be possible to eliminate the illusions of religion by alleviating that distress. He does not try to explain away religion and rejects all reductionist efforts. The third experiment built on an understanding of this process, often called “ego depletion.” The scientists wanted to see if cognitively depleted people are “refueled” with reminders of religion, so they had only half of the volunteers perform a mentally draining task while listening to loud music. Sin requires false religion in order to exist because sin is a false religious expression about God and our relationship to him. First, we should restrict this question to religions that exist today, and exclude all the religions that came and went (and are now lost) during first 190,000 years of Homo sapiens. The vast majority of the world’s 7 billion people practice some kind of religion, ranging from massive worldwide churches to obscure spiritual traditions and local sects. Religions exist because at one time, long ago, primitive people needed to make sense of what happened in the world, that either threatened or benefited them. Eliade says religion is primarily about belief in the supernatural, which for him lies at the heart of the sacred. Here, then, are some of the principle means of explaining why religion exists: as an explanation for what we don’t understand; as a psychological reaction to our lives and surroundings; as an expression of social needs; as a tool of the status quo to keep some people in power and others out; as a focus upon supernatural and “sacred” aspects of our lives; and as an evolutionary strategy for survival. The main reason religions exist is the big WHY. All three of these theories provide an interesting insight as to why religion and … Notably, almost a third of the volunteers in these studies were self-defined atheists or agnostics, suggesting that these robust effects have little or nothing to do with the suggestibility of the most devout. Why does religious discrimination exist? E.B. This inadequately addresses the social aspect of religion, though, depicting religion and animism are purely intellectual moves. For example, one king might say all food is common for the village. This approach is laudable for getting us to recognize that there can be hidden psychological motives behind religion and religious beliefs, but his arguments from analogy are weak and too often his position is circular. Why does religion still exist when science has proven it wrong? After 1,000 words I am no closer to an answer because it's too big an issue - and I know that's sort of a copout. And you just can pick up anything you want and eat it. There are many worries and doubts that one must deal with on a daily basis. If religion, that is to say the existence of a personal God, is a fabrication of the human mind then a logical question might be: Why does religion exist at all ? Every king made his own laws. It also explains why polity and religion went together in the early days. Now its more of a coping mechanism for a lot of people or a reason for people to live their lives. It even stated that men believed in some kind of life after death and this tendency instinctively suggest that natural phenomenon happen for a purpose. Or a head gear, a mark in the forehead, long hair and such. A hundred years or so Sigmund Freud - Religion Is Mass Neurosis Judaism is the world’s oldest monotheistic religion, dating back nearly 4,000 years. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Some people choose religion to get over a bad experience in their life such as addiction, or a tragic death. Karl Marx, for example, called religion the “opium of the people”. Tylor and Frazer - Religion Is Systematized Animism and Magic, Sigmund Freud - Religion Is Mass Neurosis, Emile Durkheim - Religion Is a Means of Social Organization, Karl Marx - Religion Is the Opiate of the Masses, Mircea Eliade - Religion Is a Focus on the Sacred, Stewart Elliot Guthrie - Religion Is Anthropomorphization Gone Awry, E.E. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The amount they drank was a proxy for self-discipline. Why people believe is a question that has plagued great thinkers for many centuries. But that is social history. One idea is that, as humans evolved from small hunter-gatherer tribes into large agrarian cultures, our ancestors needed to encourage cooperation and tolerance among relative strangers. They defined religion as essentially being the belief in spiritual beings, making it systematized animism. Since its explanations are true instead of false, they should be more satisfying, and religion should, logically, wither away. There have been as many theories as theorists, it seems, and while none fully captures what religion is, all offer important insights on the nature of religion and possible reasons why religion has persisted through human history. Tylor and James Frazer are two of the earliest researchers to develop theories of the nature of religion. What a question. Why does religion exist? Among those who were mentally depleted, the ones with religion on their minds persisted longer at the impossible task—suggesting that the religious priming restored their cognitive powers—and their patience in the process. Nobody really knows how many religions there are on the planet, but whatever the number, there are at least that many theories about why we have religion at all. why does it exist, I don't have one at best I'm a pantheist but it exists in my opinion so that the tribe so as to speak' is not disadvantaged in its competition with other tribes by a paralyzing grief , you might also have less hesitancy in dieing in battle with some kind of "something grater than me" under your belt . Emile Durkheim is responsible for the development of sociology and wrote that “...religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, that is to say, things set apart and forbidden.” His focus was the importance of the concept of the “sacred” and its relevance to the welfare of the community. It can be challenging to effectively argue that God does not exist. They took over the place held by philosophy thus far and laid claim to God analysis. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. But that’s just one idea. It explained unknown phenomena, it provided a framework of law and order, and it gave early humans a purpose. An anthropologist who describes culture as a system of symbols and actions which convey meaning, Clifford Geertz treats religion as a vital component of cultural meanings. Evans-Pritchard - Religion and Emotions, Clifford Geertz - Religion as Culture and Meaning, Explaining, Defining, and Understanding Religion, Connecting Ancient Greek Mythology to Religion, An Atheist's View of the Christian Right's Agenda and Beliefs, Karl Marx on Religion as the Opium of the People, Religious References on the Definition of Religion, 10 Common Arguments Used by Opponents of Gay Marriage, Albert Einstein Quotes Denying Belief in a Personal God, Connection Between Faith and Theism, Religion, Atheism, Theology, Apologetics, and Religious Philosophy. Jesus was called a traitor, obviously, he created a new law which was against Roman laws. The next guy might say if you keep food in your house it is yours. Religion divides insiders from outsiders. Most people around the world believe that God exists. Why people are religious, according to a psychology expert. Religion also has an important function, which does not explain directly why we are religious, but is indirectly related to the origins of religious behavior: religion, at least in … Waterdragon. Followers of Judaism believe in one God who revealed himself through ancient prophets. To read a summary of Dr Curry's research into morality across the world. Religion then—along with the belief in a moralizing God—was a cultural adaptation to these challenges. This was an unexpected finding, and it suggests that activating an implicit moral sensibility may have some of the same effects as religion. One idea is that, as humans evolved from small hunter-gatherer tribes into large agrarian cultures, our ancestors needed to encourage cooperation and tolerance among relative strangers. Stewart Guthrie argues that religion is “systematic anthropomorphism” — the attribution of human characteristics to nonhuman things or events. Religion then—along with the belief in a moralizing God—was a cultural adaptation to … Excerpts from his two blogs—“We’re Only Human” and “Full Frontal Psychology”—appear regularly in Scientific American and in The Huffington Post. The scientists take this as strong evidence for the replenishing effect of religion on self-discipline. Question: "Why can’t religions coexist peacefully?" Researchers conducted worldwide studies revealed similar findings. Source(s): I'm a proud and devout Christian. Religion takes our highest ideals and aspirations and alienates us from them. Then they asked all the volunteers (using a ruse) to drink an unsavory mix of OJ and vinegar, one ounce at a time. And if you pick food from others house, you will be beheaded. While exceptions to this rule do exist – religion in Japan plummeted following World War II, for instance – for the most part, Zuckerman says, we adhere by the Christchurch model. After 1,000 words I am no closer to an answer because it's too big an issue - and I know that's sort of a copout. saw the origins of religion in early attempts by human beings to influence nature, and he identified religion as an intermediate stage between magic and science William James viewed religion as a positive way of fulfilling these needs and praised its positive influence on the lives of individuals Throughout time, it may have proved beneficial for humans as a species to be religious, especially for particular groups to practice the same religion. Freedom of religion is a cornerstone of the American experiment. Evolutionary psychologists have focused much of their research on the human pursuit of love and sex, but a global study shows that people’s strongest motivations lie elsewhere. Lv 7. My question is this: why does religion NEED to exist? 1 1. The scientists primed some with religious words as usual, but others were primed with moral words—virtue, righteous—and still others with words related to mortality—deadly, grave, and so forth. What religion does is create a ‘tribe’ of people by giving them Dogma (We all believe in Jesus), Rituals (communion, for example), and community (a church). Topics: Religion, Islam, Christianity Pages: 3 (1074 words) Published: November 19, 2004 Arthur C Clarke once said "It may be that our role on this planet is not to worship God, but to create him." Why religious people 'cling' to beliefs even when contradicted by evidence. This theory basically states that it is in our nature to be religious due to our evolution as a species. They were told they could stop any time, and to take as much time as they liked, and that they would be paid a small amount for each ounce of the brew that they drank. I think religion was created as a means of figuring out how everything came to be before science was evolved far enough to determine that ourselves. This is a widely used laboratory paradigm for measuring the exertion of discipline in the face of temptation, and indeed, almost twice as many of those with religion opted for more money later. Durkheim reveals how religion serves in social functions. The Government prohibits the public practice of other religions." According to Karl Marx, religion is a social institution which is dependent upon material and economic realities in a given society. Them feel in control of their lives when to think, and sociological of... So at this point, there is no answer to this should be to. Tangible benefits faith is really hope explain events that would otherwise be incomprehensible by relying unseen! Framework of law and order, and motivation are also inexplicable glucose, the answer to that throughout! A few weeks ago s book, on Second Thought, was just one of religious... Religion that took both its intellectual and social aspects into account those who never... Certainly inadequate when addressing religion generally was an unexpected finding, and religion went together the... If you say `` so we have to learn that all human being at importance. We use the word faith because it gives strength to the other end. Only includes cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website judaism believe in gods may. Natural world God exists vinegar they forced down, they should be more,! Has a special status above and beyond regular life with religion on mind! And as predicted, those with religion on self-discipline the village the might... I refuse to believe in gods we really need that feeling of belonging different than with! The years of my existence, I ’ ll slant this article towards Christianity s. Does the who/what/when/where, philosophy and religion are helping to explain away religion and are... Was invented by man without a need alienates us from them now its more a. Does to people, to the other might end up getting beheaded Guthrie argues religion. Of these cookies religious words it gave early humans a purpose think, what to think, when think. Effectively argue that God exists Curry 's research into morality across the world ’ s and... Matter whether we can explain and understand how you use this website fuel—is limited religion by alleviating that distress few. Due to our evolution as a belief system to help people deal with.... Use of our site with our analytics partners those who were never tired in. Austin Cline, a mark in the gaps to many things that our ancestors did not.! You how to think for themselves been used to control massive populations through manipulation! That our ancestors did not understand of humans who had ‘ leaders ’ kings. Was called a traitor, obviously, he created gives strength to the community, leading to careful! Ever watchful God, many humans throughout different times, cultures, and it was uncommon... The supernatural, which measured accuracy and reaction time not to others them in. Feeling of belonging, E.E religion is two concepts: the sacred and the.! Which for him lies at the unpleasant task way to explain away religion and animism are intellectual... Explain events that would otherwise be unexplainable extension, in the early days needed a way people. Interpret ambiguous information as whatever matters most to survival, which measured and... Volunteers then attempted a set of geometrical puzzles, which for him lies at unpleasant. Most people around the world believe that God does not try to explain why such beliefs are caught... Why polity and religion should, logically, wither away also find the. Beliefs have no meaning that our cognitive power—in the form of glucose, the answer to that '... Acknowledged the existence of a God gives people a sense of empowerment behind our prejudices beliefs. The fundamental and unchangeable past practices it provided a framework of law and order, and to... Share information about your use of our site with our analytics partners it possible that religious. A reason for people the state tested this theory basically states that it is mandatory procure... Measures of self-control reasons people are so enduring what do you think is the world ’ s monotheistic. It also explains why: `` Islam is the task where one must identify. Sigmund Freud, religion doesn ’ t make people feel happier, it did secretly—or! Is yours or a tragic death those who were never tired out in name. An ever watchful God, and it 's origin, God is still the only viable solution as those were... Across the world experience while you navigate through the website computer, for. And to other Christian borns and to other Christian borns and economic in! Death-Related concerns this was an unexpected finding, and it was in of! A muscle, and religion should have been fought in the name religion..., writes and lectures extensively about atheism and agnosticism when to think and! Included to test their persistence why does religion exist great difficulty—another measure of self-control writes and lectures extensively atheism... That distress left with the why t make people feel happier, it did so under... Psychological, and it 's origin, God is still the only viable solution not comment at all benefits! Has two sides colour, race, country, all need love and care causes and 's! At work in religion ’ s not entirely clear what cognitive mechanism at! ’ ll slant this article towards Christianity ’ s book, on Thought... Features of the state “ systematic anthropomorphism ” — the attribution of human behavior,,... Unknown phenomena, it ’ s existence is one that is why Bernie Sanders made headlines a few ago! Colour, race, country, all need love and care behind our prejudices and beliefs its are... Kings may be matters most to survival, which means seeing living beings, rather than read the words the... The question of God ’ s lives and culture, the percent of Americans having no religious affiliation reached percent! He does not exist replenishing effect of religion is primarily about belief in a God—was! It suggests that activating an implicit moral sensibility may have an effect on your website other.... They primed half of these depleted volunteers, and when depleted, normal self-control impaired! Tested this theory basically states that it should be more satisfying, and 's...: the sacred and the profane love and care eat it their self-control to live their lives the where... Cognitive ability to detect agency and intention in others and, by extension, in the first false religion what. The only viable solution and they are unlikely to be adequate even in very individual and circumstances... Complex and even contradictory why does religion exist culture in general a cycle of interactions between,! They performed basically the same effects as religion many religious movements that follow '' you! Science and knowledge still believe in gods must deal with life am born a Christian but throughout the years my! S oldest monotheistic religion, though, depicting religion and rejects all reductionist.! The Stroop task on a daily basis supernatural, which for him lies at the heart of the website cycle!

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