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Then the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam was formed. North Vietnam announces the formation of the National Front for the Liberation of the South at a conference held “somewhere in the South.” This organization, more commonly known as the National Liberation Front (NLF), was designed to replicate the success of the Viet Minh, the umbrella nationalist organization that successfully liberated Vietnam from French colonial rule. Obviously, judging from the causes and ultimate results it is possible to estimate that the Vietnam wars were rather liberation movement than social revolution. An armed rebellion led by the communist-led National Liberation Front (NLF), also called the “Viet Cong”, in South Vietnam challenged the corrupt U.S.-backed dictatorship in Saigon, resulting in the Kennedy Administration sending increasing numbers of military advisors to the country. The situation led to the national movement fighting for peace and unification of the country. As we know, the FLN succeeded in eliminating its rival for hegemony in the national liberation movement, and, after victory, established the new Algerian government. In 1954, French colonialists were embarrassingly defeated at the hands of the Viet Minh, a peasant-based national liberation coalition formed in 1941 by Ho Chi Minh. One hundred delegates representing more than a dozen political parties and religious groups–both communists and non-communists–were in attendance at the conference. With the reunification of Vietnam in 1976, the NLF joined the Vietnamese Communist Party and the other political organizations in forming a National United Front. More than two years after the Berlin Wall was constructed by East Germany to prevent its citizens from fleeing its communist regime, nearly 4,000 West Berliners are allowed to cross into East Berlin to visit relatives. Noriega’s Panamanian Defense ...read more, During a brief military ceremony in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, French General Bernard Janvier, head of the United Nations peacekeeping force, formally transfers military authority in Bosnia to U.S. Admiral Leighton Smith, commander of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) ...read more, On December 20, 1836, President Andrew Jackson presents Congress with a treaty he negotiated with the Ioway, Sacs, Sioux, Fox, Otoe and Omaha tribes of the Missouri territory. Consequently, the struggle for national liberation and unity took on an international character. The NLF occupied the presidential palace in Saigon on 30th April 1975 and finally unified Vietnam. The Indonesian War of Independence (1945-1949) followed with the Liberation of Irian Jaya (1960-1962) and the liberation of East Timor (1975), The First Indochina War (1946–54), Vietnam War (1959–75), and the Algerian War of Independence (1954–62) were all considered national liberation wars by the rebelling sides of the conflicts. Movements of national liberation The anticolonial movement in Vietnam can be said to have started with the establishment of French rule. The NLF, or the 'Vietcong', as the Americans were to call them, was made up of over a dozen different political and religious groups. National Liberation Front (NLF), formally National Front for the Liberation of the South, Vietnamese Mat-Tran Dan-Toc Giai-Phong Mien-Nam, Vietnamese political organization formed on December 20, 1960, to effect the overthrow of the South Vietnamese government and the reunification of North and South Vietnam. This organization, more commonly known as the National Liberation Front (NLF), was designed to replicate the success of the Viet Minh, the umbrella nationalist organization that successfully liberated Vietnam from French colonial rule. An armed rebellion led by the communist-led National Liberation Front (NLF), also called the “Viet Cong”, in South Vietnam challenged the corrupt U.S.-backed dictatorship in Saigon, resulting in the Kennedy Administration sending increasing numbers of military advisors to the country. And it’s very striking that the National Liberation Front was the only group that ever called for the independence of South Vietnam. An African country Nigeria becomes colony to Britain in 1861. With a suggestive style—one writer called him “Elvis the Pelvis”—a hit movie, ...read more, The United States invades Panama in an attempt to overthrow military dictator Manuel Noriega, who had been indicted in the United States on drug trafficking charges and was accused of suppressing democracy in Panama and endangering U.S. nationals. The U.S. military government forcefully dissolved the people’s committees that were formed as independent South Corean people’s organizations and exhaustively massacred and oppressed the national liberation movement forces and patriotic and democratic forces after the U.S. army came into South Corea in September 1945 as an occupation force. Hanoi gave the regroupees military training and sent them back to the South along the Ho Chi Minh trail in the early 1960s. What was the flaw in American officials' assumption that the U.S. military's superior technology and power would defeat the Communist forces in South Vietnam? Under the table leadership of Ho Chi Minh the Viet Minh, a people’s army offered stiff resistance to the Japanese. “The will to hold out must be brought home to every unit!” Halder was also informed that he ...read more. In December, 1960, the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam (NLF) was formed. The treaty, which removed those tribes from their ancestral homelands to make way for white settlement, ...read more, On December 20, 1986, three Black men are attacked by a group of white teenagers yelling racial slurs in Howard Beach, a predominately white, middle-class, Italian-American neighborhood in Queens, New York. The origins of the Viet Cong begin with the Geneva Accords of 1954. In 1936 the Nigerian youth movement (NYM) was founded by Nnamdi Azikiwe. In response to this repression and in a political move to exert more control over the growing revolutionary movement in the south, the Communist party in North Vietnam forms the National Liberation Front in South Vietnam in December 1960. Related posts: […] National Liberation Front (NLF), formally National Front for the Liberation of the South, Vietnamese Mat-Tran Dan-Toc Giai-Phong Mien-Nam, Vietnamese political organization formed on December 20, 1960, to effect the overthrow of the South Vietnamese government and … Westerners came to know it as the National Liberation … The People's Army of Vietnam, or PAVN, and the National Liberation Front, or NLF, shared responsibilities as the fighting and political forces of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, or North Vietnam. Vietnam War, 1961-1975. Polish resistance movement in World War II (it was a part of the Polish Underground State, the large guerrilla movement that initiated the Warsaw Uprising, as well as some other anti-Nazi partisan-warfare-based actions like the Zamość Uprising, the Battle of Osuchy, the Raid on Mittenheide, Operation Tempest, or Operation Heads). Q.5- ‘Colon’ in Vietnam was referred as-a. n 1. a revolutionary movement that seeks the national independence of a country, usually by guerrilla warfare 2. Obviously, judging from the causes and ultimate results it is possible to estimate that the Vietnam wars were rather liberation movement than social revolution. The Viet Cong was a network of communist agents and subversives, supplied and controlled by North Vietnam but active within South Vietnam. Many of the Việt Cộng's core members were volunteer "regroupees", southern Việt Minh who had resettled in the North after the Geneva Accord (1954). a. Scholars Revolt b. Hoa Hao Movement c. Go East Movement d. Liberation Movement. The NLF’s military arm was the People’s Liberation Armed Forces (PLAF). Gradually, the national liberation movement spread over the entire territory of Vietnam and eventually the foreigners and local puppet regime supported by the US and France was defeated. To some, the Vietnam War was a crime – an attempt by the United States to suppress a heroic Vietnamese national liberation movement that had driven French colonialism out of its country. Earlier that night, the men were driving from Brooklyn to Queens, when ...read more. The Saigon regime dubbed the NLF the “Viet Cong,” a pejorative contraction of Viet Nam Cong San (Vietnamese Communists). And its founding program called for the neutralization of South Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. The National Liberation Front in Vietnam was composed of South Vietnamese under the direction of the North Vietnamese army. But at the same time, we still know very little about the other side, the Viet Minh and the National Liberation Front (NLF) of South Vietnam. Wars of national liberation or national liberation revolutions are conflicts fought by nations to gain independence. The Vietnam struggle for liberation was not confined to the limits of Vietnam, or even Southeast Asia. Introductory Note. The National Liberation Movement grew out of the resistance of workers in the colonies in the wake of the Russian Revolution, generally inspired and led by the Comintern, and swept across the “Third World” following the Second World War, culminating in the defeat of the US in Vietnam in 1975. Networks of draft counselors were created. In response to this repression and in a political move to exert more control over the growing revolutionary movement in the south, the Communist party in North Vietnam forms the National Liberation Front in South Vietnam in December 1960. An overtly communist party was established in 1962 as a central component of the NLF, but both the military arm, the Viet Cong, and the political organization of the NLF included many noncommunists. National Liberation Front of South Vietnam definition, meaning, English dictionary, synonym, see also 'National',Grand National',African National Congress',British National Party', Reverso dictionary, English definition, English vocabulary Vietnamese resistance. Documentarian Michael Moore's first film, Roger & Me, opens in theaters on December 20, 1989. The Sai Gon government could not suppress the aspiration of all Vietnamese people to unify the country, especially after the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam was established on 20th December 1960. North Vietnam announces the formation of the National Front for the Liberation of the South at a conference held somewhere in the South. In 1954, French colonialists were embarrassingly defeated at the hands of the Viet Minh, a peasant-based national liberation coalition formed in 1941 by Ho Chi Minh. Activist groups opened direct talks with the National Liberation Front in South Vietnam and sent delegations to the North. Why Socialists Support National Liberation 4. If at the height of the Vietnam War (1965-76) you had asked an American who their country was fighting in Vietnam, most would have said the Viet Cong. Unlike the Viet Minh (anti-French guerrilla force, many members of which became part of the Viet Cong), the NLF did not establish a provisional government until June 1969, when the Provisional Revolutionary Government (PRG) of South Vietnam was announced. National liberation movements -- Vietnam. . It also led the National Liberation Front (NLF) and its People’s Liberation Armed Forces (PLAF) in the south. . It deals with the years 1965 to 1967 when the United States tried and failed through large-scale military action to crush the insurgents in the South. The NLF, or the 'Vietcong', as the Americans were to call them, was made up of over a dozen different political and religious groups. It was connected to and inspired people’s movements all over the world, reaching from Asia to Africa and the Middle East to Latin America and into the imperialist centers in … Perhaps the apex of solidarity between African Americans and the Vietnamese Revolution emerged when Black Panther Party leader Bobby Seale attended a conference in Montreal, Quebec, in late 1968 where National Liberation Front representatives recognized the party as the vanguard of the revolutionary movement in the U.S. Under the terms of the Accords, military personnel were order… In December 1960, the National Liberation Front (NLF) was established in South Vietnam. This document—a political discussion guide—was written for the members of the Independent Socialist Club of Berkeley when the Vietnam War seemed to take a new turn, with the Tet offensive of 1968 launched by the National Liberation Front. The film follows the economic impact of GM shutting down several auto factories in Moore's hometown of Flint, Michigan. The Vietnam struggle for liberation was not confined to the limits of Vietnam, or even Southeast Asia. For example, they carried out a number of bombings of U.S. military and government facilities, including the … This was revealed by Reuters in Saigon and by different papers published in . The NLF reached the height of its power during the 1968 Tet Offensive, when the communists launched a massive coordinated attack against key urban centers throughout South Vietnam. The term is used in conjunction with wars against foreign powers (or at least those perceived as foreign) to establish separate sovereign states for the rebelling nationality. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. For example, they carried out a number of bombings of U.S. military and government facilities, including the … To others, the Vietnam War was a forfeit, a just war needlessly lost by timid policymakers and a … The group is better known as the Viet Cong (Việt Cộng) or V.C., short for "Vietnamese Communist. Hanoi gave the regroupees military training and sent them back to the South along the Ho Chi Minh trail in the early 1960s. Many local officials of Cochinchina refused to collaborate with the French. Antiwar candidates ran … After 1954, the Workers Party became the ruling party in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, north of the 17th parallel, in what was supposed to be a temporary division of the country. Corrections? The NLF was represented by its own diplomatic staffs in all communist countries and in several neutral countries. This document—a political discussion guide—was written for the members of the Independent Socialist Club of Berkeley when the Vietnam War seemed to take a new turn, with the Tet offensive of 1968 launched by the National Liberation Front. ADVERTISEMENTS: Notes on the national liberation movement in Vietnam and Indonesia after the end of the World War II. The Việt Minh was considered by the Communist Party of Vietnam as a form of national independence front in Vietnam, it was also known as the Việt Minh's Independent Allied Front, Việt Minh Front. Vietnamese resistance. After 1954, the Workers Party became the ruling party in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, north of the 17th parallel, in what was supposed to be a temporary division of the country. From a different point of view, such wars are called insurgencies, rebellions, or wars of independence. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/National-Liberation-Front-political-organization-Vietnam. Anti-imperialism and Revolution 2. Personalities of the Liberation movement of South Vietnam by Committee to Aid the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (U.S.) Publication date 1965 Topics Revolutionaries -- Vietnam -- Biography. Ultimately, more than 500,000 U.S. troops were sent to Vietnam to fight the PLAF and the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN, or North Vietnamese Army). In February 1965, the PLAF attacked U.S. Army installations at Pleiku and Qui Nhon, which convinced President Lyndon B. Johnson to send the first U.S. ground troops to South Vietnam a month later. In a surprise move, the forces of the National Liberation Front (NLF) and the People Army of Vietnam (PAVN) attacked over 100 cities and towns across the country. National Elements and Imperialist Elements 3. Phnom Penh, capital of Cambodia. Under an agreement reached between East and West Berlin, ...read more, On December 20, 1957, while spending the Christmas holidays at Graceland, his newly purchased Tennessee mansion, rock-and-roll star Elvis Presley receives his draft notice for the United States Army. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. This was revealed by Reuters in Saigon and by different papers published in . All Rights Reserved. The NLF reached out to those parts of South Vietnamese society who were displeased with the government and policies of President Ngo Dinh Diem. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Later Vietnam was occupied by both Paris and Japan. Residents of a colony c. b) began in Berkeley to protest a campus ban on political groups convening and distributing literature at a central meeting place. The causes of the liberation movement in the Afro-Asian countries in the post-World War II period ; Narrate the background of the liberation movement in Asia and Africa ; Short notes on the liberation movement in the dependent countries of Asia ; Notes on the national liberation movement in Vietnam and Indonesia after the end of the World War II Read the essential details about the National Liberation Front. Introductory Note. The Sai Gon government could not suppress the aspiration of all Vietnamese people to unify the country, especially since the National Front for Liberation of South Vietnam was established on 20th December 1960. 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